The german shortcut from the North Sea to the Baltic Sea or vice versa
– is widely used by even large ships to avoid the longer trip around Denmark.
The channel is one of the world’s most used artificial canals
– it saves about 500 kilometers and the risk of storms too.
The first primitive canal was constructed in the 18th century via river systems.
The current location was inaugurated in 1895 – 98 km long, 67m wide and 9m deep.
It was expanded 15-20 years later – now 102m wide and 11m deep.
It is used by 25-30000 ships a year, the largest ones are required use of pilotage.